If the Academy wants to progress and remain relevant, handpicking a man with a history of homophobia is a flashing red siren of an issue, a middle finger up to the LGBT community and a sign that Oscars might no longer be quite as white but they remain aggressively straight. This article was amended on 27 December An earlier version said that Brett Rattner was removed as Oscars producer in This has been changed to reflect that he resigned from the role.
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Checkout Your Cart Price. Description Details Customer Reviews Reading in between the lines of homophobia' is a compassionate and insightful book about the conflict between religious fundamentalists and gay men and women. The book identifies the root of homophobia, and provides a profound analysis of tradition and religion.
Reading in between the lines of homophobia explains the cultural and historical context of the Old Testament quotes which are consistently referenced and used as justification for arguments against homosexuality. The book also points out the translation misinterpretation and manipulation which has resulted in misunderstandings about the real meaning of the scriptures. Reading in between the lines of homophobia is a carefully organised and effective book. The book covers all the fundamental areas of the causes of homophobia.
Each chapter provides the reader with a wide range of research into History, Psychology and Law.
The most far-reaching inventions of tradition in colonial Africa took place when the Europeans believed themselves to be respecting age-old African custom. What were called customary law, customary land-rights, customary political structure and so on, were in fact all invented by colonial codification.
African customary law was not being defined and codified as a mere anthropological curiosity. It was to become the basis of colonial rule: Africans were to be legally required by colonial powers to abide by the customary laws of their tribal homelands. Codified customary laws were therefore going to inescapably conform to the objectives of colonial domination. Colonialism was an exercise of absolute autocratic control: Europe maintained control in Africa by force rather than consent, and customary law was therefore tweaked and nurtured to conform to the authoritarian objectives of colonial rule.
This meant recruiting and enforcing hierarchies of domination for the colonial project in each level of African social life. From top to bottom, an authoritarian customary hierarchy was put in place: colonial officers in charge of native chiefs, native chiefs in charge of subjects in the tribal unit, elders in charge of youth, men in charge of women. This customary hierarchy was invented as the original African way of life and given full customary legitimacy as a supposed reinforcement of African culture.
Africans were created as traditionalist, customary creatures. Since the Europeans had been so kind to discover true African-ness for Africans, they were now going to teach Africans how to be true Africans by requiring full adherence to the rediscovered customary law. Just as a Northern Rhodesian district commissioner had discovered that some of the Soli did not know they were Soli, another district commissioner in Southern Rhodesia was horrified to learn the Ndebele did not know how to be Ndebele, as Mahmoud Mamdani narrates in Citizens and Subjects:.
The Ndebele did not know how to be Ndebele: they had to be taught how to be Ndebele by the Europeans. The Kikuyu had to be taught how to be Kikuyu; the Igbo had to be taught how to be Igbo. Africans had to be taught how to be Africans. They had to be panel-beaten into proper African-ness through the imposition of rediscovered customary codes. Such was the breath-taking arrogance of European colonialism in its quest to tribalize Africa.
Reading in between the lines of homophobia' is a compassionate and insightful book about the conflict between religious fundamentalists and gay men and. [KINDLE] Reading in between the lines of homophobia by Jerry Osei-Tutu. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read.
Like other peoples anywhere in the world, pre-colonial African communities generally placed paramount importance on heterosexual marriage as the basis of family life. But African social lives were also characterized by a diversity of sexual expression that found outlets outside the institution of heterosexual marriage. This could take the form of such activities as sex-play between unmarried adolescents, or even sexual relationships between people of the same sex. In his comprehensive study of pre-colonial African sexualities titled Heterosexual Africa?
Marc Epprecht documents some of these sexual diversities quite well:.
Africa was not the only pre-colonial realm whose fluidities of sexual expression attracted European puritanical revulsion. A sub-tradition of British imperialist writing warned of widespread homosexuality in the countries Britain colonized.
This attitude towards women was carried over into his writing. The disease has already claimed over 21 million lives in sub-Saharan Africa, and the southern African countries in which this research was conducted are the global epicenter of the crisis. Yes, the Bible does say it is opposed [to homosexuality]. They put me in that car and took me to Warren Park police station. Davis RN. And sexuality is very much bound up with fear. Granted, the U.
These customary laws were given ancient cultural legitimacy and legally enforced by customary authorities backed by colonial power. The entrenchment in Africa of homophobia, ultraconservative sexual attitudes, and the authoritarian streak that oozes out of what is purported to be genuine African social culture—all resulted from a thoroughgoing process that tribalized Africa and enforced conservative customary laws nurtured to conform to objectives of colonial domination.